The United States did not produce any aircraft of its own design for use in combat during World War I; however, several British and French designs were used by Air Service Aero Squadrons for reconnaissance missions. Cessna O-2. Grumman S-2 Tracker. The production aircraft had been canceled in May 1945, but the second prototype was completed and successfully flown in 1947. Many developed in the 1920s and 1930s; a few saw combat during World War II. This article incorporates  public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. At the end of the First World War, one-third of French reconnaissance aircraft were Salmson 2s. The XF-12 was referred to as an aircraft that was "flying on all fours" meaning: four engines, 400 mph cruise, 4,000 mile range, at 40,000 feet. Grumman OV-1 Mohawk. The 363d Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Group is a United States Air Force unit stationed at Joint Base Langley-Eustis. first flight by an Allied aircraft over Tokyo, Air Photographic and Charting Service (APCS), List of United States Army Air Forces reconnaissance units, List of United States Air Force reconnaissance squadrons, The U.S. Aircraft Industry During World War I, Baugher - F-9 Photographic Reconnaissance, Baugher - Boeing RB-52B/B-52B Stratofortress, United States Army Air Force Reconnaissance Aircraft, Baugher - General Dynamics RF-16 Fighting Falcon, Newest manned spy plane scores points in war effort. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Although 100 F-11s were ordered in 1943, only two prototypes and a mockup were completed. RF-4C Phantom II photo of Zweibrücken Air Base, West Germany, photographed on September 18, 1979. The role of reconnaissance can fulfil a variety of requirements including artillery spotting, the collection of imagery intelligence, and the observation of enemy maneuvers. A USAF SR-71 high-speed reconnaissance aircraft. The Kawasaki Army Type 88 Reconnaissance Aircraft was a Japanese single-engined biplane designed for Kawasaki by Richard Vogt.Originally known by its company designation KDA-2, it was accepted by the Imperial Japanese Army as the Type 88 Reconnaissance Aircraft. A component of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, the Aeronautical Division procured the first powered military aircraft in 1909, created schools to train its aviators, and initiated a rating system for pilot qualifications. Lockheed Burbank converted 440 total F-4/F-5s before Dallas continued conversion work to complete at least 828 aircraft, but grand total of P-38J/L-based photo reconnaissance Lightnings probably ran to over 1,000. Dozor 600, reconnaissance-attack aircraft late 2010 Dozor-100, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance unmanned aircraft system 2009 [185] Dozor-50, Intelligence, surveillance 2007 [186] Edit. After the establishment of the USAF, light observation aircraft became an Army mission. The P-38 was used for interception, dive bombing, level bombing, ground attack, night fighting, photo reconnaissance, radar and visual pathfinding for bombers and evacuation missions, and extensively as a long-range escort fighter when equipped with drop tanks under its wings. Allied propaganda claimed it had been nicknamed the fork-tailed devil by the Luftwaffe and "two planes, one pilot" by the Japanese. The 71st Flying Training Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to Air Education and Training Command. The Martin B-57 Canberra is an American-built, twinjet tactical bomber and reconnaissance aircraft that entered service with the United States Air Force (USAF) in 1953. The United States has, of course also operated reconnaissance variants of aircraft initially designed for other purposes, as the list below demonstrates. The 91st Cyberspace Operations Squadron is an active United States Air Force unit, currently assigned to the 67th Cyberspace Wing at Kelly Annex, part of Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. Note: Both the F-15 Eagle [67] and F-16 Falcon [68] had prototype RF-15 and RF-16s built but were never put into production. They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. Boeing RC-135. Appendix G explains the message formats and data codes. The aircraft was designed with maximum aerodynamic efficiency in mind. Category page. History. It was discontinued on 8 December 1957. Consolidated PB4Y Privateer. It served acceptably in the role until new German fighters drove it from the skies in 1915-16. Military commanders favored specialized small units for speed and mobility, to gain valuable information about the terrain and enemy before sending the main (or majority) troops into the … Prior to the 20th century machines for powered and controllable flight were not available to military forces, but some attempts were made to use lighter than air craft. This is a list of aircraft used by the United States Air Force and its predecessor organizations for combat aerial reconnaissance and aerial mapping. The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. A reconnaissance aircraft is a manned military aircraft designed, or adapted, to carry out aerial reconnaissance . Reconnaissance conducted by ground forces includes special reconnaissance, armored reconnaissance, amphibious reconnaissance and civil reconnaissance.. Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance carried out by aircraft (of all types including balloons and unmanned aircraft). Edit. The unit was credited with 41 victories but lost 43 of its own aircraft during World War II. Reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft. Edit. Other types of reconnaissance aircraft were built for specialized roles in signals intelligence and electronic monitoring, such as the RB-47, Boeing RC-135 and the Ryan Model 147 drones. The Aeronautical Division trained 51 officers and 2 enlisted men as pilots, and incurred 13 fatalities in air crashes. Carrier-based Reconnaissance Aircraft 1 10 9 CVL excluding Kasuga Maru, Shinyou, Shinyou Kai, Taiyou, Taiyou Kai, Hyuuga Kai Ni, Ise Kai Ni, CV Prevents T-cross disadvantage. From horses to vehicles, for warriors throughout history, commanders procured their ability to have speed and mobility, to mount and dismount, during maneuver warfare. A reconnaissance aircraft (colloquially, a spy plane) is a military aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance with roles including collection of imagery intelligence (including using photography), signals intelligence, as well as measurement and signature intelligence. It was developed to a 1916 requirement. Its parent unit is the 461st Air Control Wing, located at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia. Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base is a German Air Force airfield near the town of Fürstenfeldbruck in Bavaria, near Munich, Germany. Measurements on aerial images are provided by photogrammetric technologies and methods. Technology has improved greatly over the almost century since the first reconnaissance aircraft used during World War I. The 192d Airlift Squadron is a unit of the Nevada Air National Guard 152d Airlift Wing located at Reno Air National Guard Base, Nevada. During this period, the Aeronautical Division had 29 factory-built aircraft in its inventory, built a 30th from spare parts, and leased a civilian airplane for a short period in 1911. Each of these forces had a commanding general who reported directly to the Army Chief of Staff. At the beginning, France had a significant corps of Blériot type observation aircraft, soon replaced by a profusion of more capable types. Today, aerial survey is sometimes recognized as a synonym for aerophotogrammetry, part of photogrammetry where the camera is placed in the air. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed services. Aerial survey should be distinguished from satellite imagery technologies because of its better resolution, quality and atmospheric conditions. A reconnaissance aircraft is a military surveillance aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance with roles including collection of imagery intelligence, signals intelligence, as well as measurement and signature intelligence. Category page. Not as well known as its direct predecessor, the B-50 was in USAF service for nearly 20 years. Aerial survey is a method of collecting geomatics or other imagery by using airplanes, helicopters, UAVs, balloons or other aerial methods. The 26th Information Operations Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). The 30 RS flies the RQ-170 Sentinel UAV out of the Tonopah Test Range Airport in Tonopah. Developed for the United States Army Air Corps, the P-38 had distinctive twin booms and a central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. This is a list of active Russian military aircraft currently in service with three branches of the Russian Armed Forces.It also includes lists of Russia's experimental aircraft and aircraft … Modern tec The B-57 is a license-built version of the British English Electric Canberra, manufactured by the Glenn L. Martin Company. It was inactivated on 8 December 1957. Naval aircraft currently used by the United States Navy and the United States … During the first XF-11 flight in 1946, Howard Hughes crashed the aircraft in Beverly Hills, California. Used extensively in all major theaters of operations. The Salmson 2, was a French biplane reconnaissance aircraft made by Salmson. The United States Army Air Forces, informally known as the Air Force, or United States Army Air Force, was the aerial warfare service component of the United States Army during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services. The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo was a supersonic jet fighter which served the United States Air Force (USAF) and the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). Pages in category "Lists of military aircraft" The following 122 pages are in this category, out of 122 total. They soon proved their worth in this mission, however, and… [50] Several F-5G-6s that survived post-war disposal had their camera nose sections further modified by civilian aerial survey operators. The program was extremely controversial from the beginning, leading the U.S. Senate to investigate the F-11 and the Hughes H-4 Hercules flying boat in 1947–1948. A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry, firing torpedoes and bullets, or deploying air-launched cruise missiles. In Europe, Lt. Col. Clyde East became one of the very few air aces in a reconnaissance unit. Most other nations that have developed reconnaissance aircraft generally used modified versions of standard bomber, fighter, and other types. The Republic XF-12 Rainbow was an American four-engine, all-metal prototype reconnaissance aircraft designed by the Republic Aviation Company in the late 1940s. The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II–era American piston-engined fighter aircraft. After the war, England estimated that its flyers took one-half million photographs during the four years of the war, and Germany calculated that if you laid all its aerial photographs side by side, they would cover an area six times the size of Germany. This is a list of aircraft used by the United States Air Force and its predecessor organizations for combat aerial reconnaissance and aerial mapping. Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft. It operates the Boeing RC-135 aircraft conducting reconnaissance missions. This page partially duplicates a much more complete article on exactly same subject at Aerial reconnaissance. Combat is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed. Initial Martin-build models were virtually identical to their British-built counterparts; Martin later modified the design to incorporate larger quantities of US-sourced components and produced the aircraft in several different variants. 1930s French military reconnaissance aircraft. It was activated in February 2015, after having been returned to regular service after operating as a provisional unit. Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon. How to Read the Reconnaissance Data. Along with the Breguet 14, it was the main reconnaissance aircraft in use with the French army and the American Expeditionary Force's aviation units in 1918. MQ-1/RQ-1 Predator. Edit source History Talk (0) United States military aircraft Anti-submarine – Attack – Bomber – Command and control – Electronic warfare – Experimental – Fighter – Patrol – Reconnaissance – Rescue – Tanker – Trainer – Transport – Utility. The 16th Airborne Command and Control Squadron is a unit of Air Combat Command of the United States Air Force, and flies the Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARS. This category includes any British aircraft that saw service as a reconnaissance aircraft during World War II. The Hughes XF-11 was a prototype military reconnaissance aircraft, designed and flown by Howard Hughes and built by Hughes Aircraft for the United States Army Air Forces. 273 Saiun (4th Recon Squad) 彩雲(偵四) 0 2 7 No. It can also refer to the chart or map made by analysing a region from the air. Its last assignment was with United States Air Forces in Europe at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, where it was inactivated on 5 July 2006. Pape, Garry R. with Campbell, John M. and Donna. It was built in very large numbers and production continued for many years after the end of the war. Classic editor History Talk (0) French military reconnaissance aircraft by decade of first flight 1910s • 1920s • 1930s • 1940s • 1950s • 1960s • 1970s • 1980s • 1990s • 2000s • 2010s. Traditionally, reconnaissance was a role that was adopted by the cavalry. The United States became a leader in development of aircraft specifically designed for the reconnaissance role; examples include the Lockheed SR-71, Lockheed U-2, Republic XF-12, and Hughes XF-11 (the latter two did not enter production). This list may not reflect recent changes (). The 30th Reconnaissance Squadron is reconnaissance test squadron assigned to the 432d Air Expeditionary Wing at Creech Air Force Base, Nevada. Reconnaissance aircraft are aircraft designed to gather intelligence, usually by visual observation, aerial photography, or radar.While almost any aircraft had significant reconnaissance capability, the ideal reconnaissance aircraft was capable of flying high and fast to avoid interception by fighters and had a long range. It was the last piston-engined bomber built by Boeing for the United States Air Force, and was further refined into Boeing's final such design, the B-54. In Luzon, Philippines, on Jan. 11, 1945, pilot Maj. William Shomo shot down seven Japanese aircraft in a single action, also while at the controls of an F-6. The 363d Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing is a United States Air Force unit. Pages in category "Reconnaissance aircraft" Aeryon Scout Aeryon SkyRanger R60 Was the primary long-range USAAF photographic reconnaissance fighter aircraft prior to introduction of the P-51. Classic editor. Lockheed U-2 Dragon Lady. The 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Typical types of data collected include aerial photography, Lidar, remote sensing and also geophysical data (such as aeromagnetic surveys and gravity. The Boeing B-29 Superfortress was produced in a large number of experimental and production models. It is still the fastest piston-engined airplane of this size, exceeding by some 50 mph the Boeing XB-39 of 1944. A post–World War II revision of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, it was fitted with more powerful Pratt & Whitney R-4360 radial engines, stronger structure, a taller tail fin, and other improvements. Crews can identify and… The first aircraft acquired by the Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps were not fighters or bombers, they were reconnaissance aircraft. The 192d is equipped with the C-130H Hercules. It is assigned to the 363d Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing. A reconnaissance aircraft (colloquially, a spy plane) is a military aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance with roles including collection of imagery intelligence (including using photography), signals intelligence, as well as measurement and signature intelligence. The AAF was a component of the United States Army, which in 1942 was divided functionally by executive order into three autonomous forces: the Army Ground Forces, the Services of Supply, and the Army Air Forces. During the Napoleonic Wars and Franco-Prussian War, balloons were used for aerial reconnaissance by the French. The group has its origins in the 363d Fighter Group, activated on 1 August 1943 at Hamilton Field, California. This category contains aircraft used for reconnaissance during World War II. This listing allows you to trace back a particular nation's aviation history in reverse-chronological order. Although highly innovative, the postwar XF-12 Rainbow had to compete against more modern jet engine technology, and did not enter production. It's the John Paul Jones to the SR-71's Robert Plant—a quiet workhorse that has flown over countless US missions while providing vital, real-time signals intelligence. The mission of reconnaissance pilots remains the same, however. The Boeing RC-135 is the most effective American spyplane you've never heard of. List of United States Air Force reconnaissance aircraft. O-2 Skymaster and OV-10 Broncos were Forward Air Control (FAC) aircraft of the Vietnam War, retired in the late 1970s, replaced by the OA-10A version of the A-10 Thunderbolt II. TR-1 version of the U-2. Initially flown with a pilot and an observer, the observer would often sketch the scene of the ground below. The group is assigned to the United States Air Force Twenty-Fifth Air Force, stationed at Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Virginia. Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft. The Breguet 14 was a French biplane bomber and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War. It also is the host unit for Vance. Like most large aircraft of the era, it used radial engines—in this case, the Pratt & Whitney R-4360 Wasp Major. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947. Wikipedia Commons. The National Hurricane Operations Plan explains aircraft reconnaisance data.. Chapter 5 is devoted entirely to the reconnaissance aircraft data missions. The 6021st Reconnaissance Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Modern technology has also enabled some aircraft and UAVs to carry out real-time surveillance in addition to general intelligence gathering. The 38th Reconnaissance Squadron is part of the 55th Wing at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. Argentine military reconnaissance aircraft, Austrian and Austro-Hungarian military reconnaissance aircraft, Austro-Hungarian military reconnaissance aircraft, Bulgarian military reconnaissance aircraft, Czech and Czechoslovakian military reconnaissance aircraft, Hungarian military reconnaissance aircraft, International military reconnaissance aircraft, Japanese military reconnaissance aircraft, Lithuanian military reconnaissance aircraft, Pakistani military reconnaissance aircraft, Palestinian military reconnaissance aircraft, Romanian military reconnaissance aircraft, Soviet and Russian military reconnaissance aircraft, United States military reconnaissance aircraft, Yugoslav and Serbian military reconnaissance aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Reconnaissance_aircraft&oldid=975386697, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 06:42. Soon, some English observers thought it would be easier and more accurate to use their cameras to photograph the enemy lines. It is stationed at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma where has conducted pilot training for the Air Force and allied nations since 1972. Rarity Name Type Classes Notes United States military reconnaissance aircraft. There are a total of [ 875 ] aircraft as part of the United States Aircraft List (Current and Former Types) in the Military Factory. The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It organized and deployed the first permanent American aviation unit, the 1st Aero Squadron, in 1913. It is the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the fourth in order of precedence. From the first days of World War I, the airplane demonstrated its ability to be the "eyes of the army." Dallas conversions include F-5C-1 (approximately 123), F-5E-2 (100), F-5E-3 (105), and an unknown number of F-5E-4s, F-5F-3s and F-5G-6s. CP-140A Arcturus reconnaissance aircraft. The 38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron is an inactive unit of the United States Air Force. Speed was key in these maneuvers, thus infantry was ill suited to the task. Its last was assigned to the 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Yokota Air Base, Japan. Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird. Today reconnaissance aircraft incorporate stealth technology; the newest models are piloted remotely. The role of reconnaissance can fulfil a variety of requirements including artillery spotting, the collection of imagery intelligence, and the observation of enemy maneuvers. A maritime patrol aircraft (MPA), also known as a patrol aircraft, maritime reconnaissance aircraft, or by the older American term patrol bomber, is a fixed-wing aircraft designed to operate for long durations over water in maritime patrol roles — in particular anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-ship warfare (AShW), and search and rescue (SAR). The Aeronautical Division, Signal Corps (1907–1914) was the first heavier-than-air military aviation organization in history and the progenitor of the United States Air Force. F-4 and early F-5 Lightning photo reconnaissance variants were factory converted by Lockheed at Burbank, California; all later F-5 conversions were made after delivery by Lockheed's Dallas Modification Center near Dallas, Texas. This category has the following 43 subcategories, out of 43 total. The Boeing B-50 Superfortress is an American strategic bomber. Either this page should forward there or this page should be turned into a list of reconnaissance aircraft. graduate Reconnaissance Aircraft. It is probably the broadest possible topic for aircraft roles imaginable.NiD.29 21:08, 17 July 2015 (UTC) Duplicate page. The USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection. List of United States Air Force reconnaissance aircraft Last updated June 01, 2019 RF-4C Phantom II photo of Zweibrücken Air Base, West Germany, photographed on September 18, 1979. He was credited with shooting down 12 German aircraft while flying an F-6. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control. Other articles where Reconnaissance aircraft is discussed: military aircraft: Reconnaissance aircraft: At the outbreak of World War I, heavier-than-air craft were used only for visual reconnaissance, since their feeble engines could carry little more than a pilot and, in some cases, an observer aloft. List of Reconnaissance aircraft; Lockheed D-21; Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel; Lockheed Martin SR-72 Blackswift; Lockheed P-3 Orion; Lockheed S-3 Viking; Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird; Lockheed U-2 Dragon Lady; M Category:Maritime patrol aircraft; Mikoyan MiG … List of Reconnaissance aircraft. In service since 1961, the RC-135 is the USAF's standard SIGINT (Signals Intelligence) aircraft. Since the Cold War much of the strategic reconnaissance aircraft role has passed over to satellites, and the tactical role to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Lockheed P-3 Orion. The Royal Flying Corps entered the war with the slow but stable and reliable B.E.2 reconnaissance aircraft. Its last assignment was to the 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Spangdahlem Air Base, West Germany. Boeing E-3 Sentry. Unfortunately, both sides knew that if they were receiving valuable information from their pilots, the other side must be doing the same, and aircraft became armed to shoot down the other's. Comments Share. Its last assignment was with the 26th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Zweibrücken Air Base, Germany. Reconnaissance aircraft definition: An aircraft is a vehicle which can fly , for example an aeroplane or a helicopter . Xb-39 of 1944 the first reconnaissance aircraft by analysing a region from Air... Helicopters, UAVs, balloons were used for reconnaissance during World War II–era American piston-engined fighter aircraft prior introduction., border patrol and fishery protection example an aeroplane or a helicopter RC-135 is 461st. 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