Chinese Privet The basal bark method consists of a mixture of 25% triclopyr and 75% horticultural oil applied to the basal parts of the shrub to a height of 12 to 15 inches from the ground. Jimmy Stiles, a PhD candidate at the Auburn University School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, has been designing and evaluating a new program to use weed torches … This content printed from the website located at: This website would like to use cookies to collect information to improve your browsing experience. Chinese privet is a restricted invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014.; It must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. Be very careful where spray drift can damage or kill nearby desirable vegetation. The only time cut stump treatments should not be done is in the early spring when privet shrubs are experiencing strong upward sap flow. Privet often escapes into pastureland, where it shades out grass and other grazing crops. Grasp privet stems by the base and pull upward, removing as much of the root system as possible. Following privet control, many factors influence which species naturally recolonize the site. Glyphosate products not labeled for use in or near water often contain a surfactant that is very harmful to many aquatic organisms. Total eradication is extremely difficult with well-established plants. Brush mulching can be used anytime but may spread privet seed if used in the fall. A spray indicator helps keep track of what has been treated. Herbicides are effective, and foliar applications in early spring or late autumn (when native plants are usually dormant) are most effective. Foliar spray methods should be used only where risk to non-target species is minimal. No guarantee, endorsement, or discrimination among comparable products is intended or implied by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. However, avoid formulations with lower concentrations as they do not contain enough glyphosate or triclopyr amine to be effective. Spray the entire surface and sides of the stump. Native plants are particularly important to wildlife, as they provide food and shelter for them and support beneficial insects, pollinators, and birds. That is why I urge you to kill it wherever you find it. Chinese privet is an aggressive and troublesome shrub and listed by the SC Exotic Pest Plant Council as a “severe threat” in South Carolina. Chop existing bushes in spring. Cutting Back Privet: How And When To Prune Privet Hedges, Ligustrum Care: Information On How To Grow Ligustrum Shrubs, Is Glyphosate Dangerous? Foliar sprays of glyphosate and triclopyr were tested in three factorial experiments that included wide ranges of application rate, timing, and formulation to refine methods for controlling Chinese privet. Use an herbicide concentrate product with either 41 percent or higher active ingredient glyphosate or 44 percent active ingredient triclopyr amine. When discussing characteristics common to all 4 species, this report refers to them collectively as privet or privets. Varying degrees of control have been achieved using glyphosate, imazapyr, triclopyr, metsulfuron, and hexazinone. Do not use glyphosate formulations that are called “Ready to Use” because they generally do not contain enough glyphosate to be effective. Information On Glyphosate Use, Great Lakes In Winter – Gardening Around The Great Lakes Region, Indoor Hellebore Care – How To Grow A Hellebore Plant Indoors, Winter Pruning Guide – Learn About Cutting Back Plants In Winter, Growing Southern Conifers – Learn About Coniferous Trees In Southern States, Upright Boxwood Plants – Growing Fastigiata Boxwood Bushes, Wintercreeper Control – How To Get Rid Of Wintercreeper Plants, Natural Christmas Decorations: Making Holiday Décor From The Garden, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. Within a few weeks of cutting, use a triclopyr ester herbicide product mixed with oil instead of water. Two studies, a multisite field investigation and a controlled approach on a single site, were conducted to examine the role of Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) on decomposition within riparian forests of the Georgia Piedmont. Weed wrenches are steel, handheld tools that grasp woody stems at the base and use leverage to lift the plant out of the ground (Figure 2). These non-native shrubs, which are difficult to distinguish from one another, include: common privet (L. vulgare L.), glossy privet (L. lucidum Ait. Privet control often seems insurmountable because of its aggressive growth, prolific root and stump sprouting, copious seed production, and widespread seed dispersal by birds and other animals. Everyone is welcome! This is not, however, exhaustive as certain herbicides used in forestry and rights-of-way are not covered. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, was originally brought to the U.S. from China for use in ornamental garden plantings. Therefore, many states have programs dedicated solely to the maintenance and removal of invasive plants like Chinese privet. We do not need Chinese privet in this country. This is evident when stumps appear to “bleed” water following cutting. f.), Japanese privet (L. japonicum Thunb. There will almost always be a flush of new seedlings in the year following intensive control, especially along woodland edges. Managing Chinese Privet Getting rid of Chinese privet that’s popped up throughout your landscape is a good place to begin Chinese privet control. Then, within a few minutes at most, spray or paint the entire cut surface with the herbicide solution (Figure 6). Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic There are several ways to do this, according to information from experts on this subject. © 2020 by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Ligustrum sinense was introduced to the United States from China as a garden plant in 1952. Most methods of getting rid of privet require more than one application. is an ideal shrub for hedges and decorative topiary because it grows aggressively whether planted in sun or partial shade. Collect and bag any fruit if possible. Privet (Ligustrum spp.) Chinese privet is a nonnative shrub that has invaded mesic forests throughout the southeastern United States during the past century. The first step in preventative control of privet is the removal of existing plants within the landscape and to limit planting. However, with the correct approach and diligent follow-up treatments, privet can be effectively controlled. Cutting, when used alone, does not provide satisfactory control because of rapid stump sprouting. Even a twig or leaf can reproduce. For many situations, herbicides with the active ingredient glyphosate are the most effective option. These seedlings and sprouts can be easily controlled with foliar glyphosate treatment, which is best done in the late fall. Brush mulchers (Figure 3) are typically mounted on skid steers and grind or mulch entire shrubs and small trees. No single treatment will eradicate privet. These are applied to stumps at full strength. Over time, Chinese privet weeds began springing up in forests and other areas where it has overtaken native plants and become established. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. All rights reserved. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet) is a very common invasive non-native shrub in the region. Cut stump treatments can be done almost any time of year but late fall is the easiest from an operational standpoint. Long used as a hedge in many parts of the southeast, the plant was found to escape cultivation readily. Spray the foliage to wet, but not to the point of runoff. Triclopyr ester does have some soil activity, and damage to nontarget species can occur when numerous privet stems are treated in a small area. Chinese privet is very thin barked and even large diameter shrubs can be controlled with the basal bark treatment method. These recommendations for widely available privet control options can be used across a range of land management scenarios. When privet is invasive species, the cost of controlling and removing privet is economically detrimental, something that is problematic for conservation efforts. This creates a good setup for a late fall foliar treatment with the herbicide glyphosate. Methods of control may be “cultural, preventative, manual, and mechanical removal, biological control, physical controls, and herbicides” or combinations of these. Good spray coverage over the entire plant is very important as privet shrubs sprayed only on the sides will not be completely killed. This method entails cutting followed by application of an herbicide to the surface of the stump. This exotic shrub is notorious for producing dense thickets, especially in bottomland forests and in floodplains, where these thickets choke out all native plants. Always read and follow the herbicide label, paying attention to site and rate restrictions and safety recommendations for applicators. For more information, contact your county Extension office. Cooperative Extension System, Posted by: Stephen Enloe, Nancy Loewenstein. Ideally, you can burn it. The 1/128 Calibration Method for Backpack Sprayers, Latest on Toxicants for Controlling Wild Pigs, Alabama Fall is generally the best time for this treatment but it may be used any time of the year. Mark Zeller, is a biologist in the Bureau of Invasive Plant Management, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, 3917 Commonwealth Boulevard, M. S. 710, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-3000. A team of scientists investigated a popular "cut and … However, not all glyphosate products are created equal. If a thicket is present, cut all stems back to the ground with a chainsaw or weed-eater with a brush blade attachment. Most brush mulchers can mulch all sizes of privet and often leave a thick mulch layer. Brush mulching cannot be effectively integrated with cut stump treatment because stumps will be buried under the mulch layer. To tackle narrow-leaf privet: control mature trees to reduce seed production; check for new seedlings; control young plants before they produce seed Spray to wet the entire surface of the stump. Whatever the method of herbicide application, landowners should be prepared for … Chinese privet spreads rapidly both from root sprouts and seed, and it can quickly overtake desirable grasses and dominate a larger and larger portion of a pasture or hayfield each year. Cooperative Extension System operates as the primary outreach organization Spray to wet, getting complete coverage of each woody stem, but do not puddle the herbicide on the soil. Weed wrenches are effective for removing privet saplings up to 2 inches in diameter. Follow-up monitoring and spot treatment of newly established plants should be done to prevent reinfestation. The weed wrench uses leverage to easily lift privet saplings out of the ground. and economic well-being. Figure 7. The invasion penetrated about 30 m under the canopy trees, providing 100% cover of the forest floor. Because of these characteristics, the major impact of Chinese privet is its ability to displace native species and disrupt various terrestrial ecosystems. The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Native plant species are quickly suppressed in the dense thickets that often form when Chinese privet grows unchecked. Research plants before adding them and try to avoid those that are invasive. Goats will graze Chinese tallowtree, but they do not prefer it. Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) is a shrub with thin opposite leaves, semievergreen to evergreen, and thicket forming to 30 feet in height.They have multiple leaning-to-arching stems with long, leafy branches. Under the privets and in a nearby privet-poor reference area we marked off twenty, one square meter plots with string. Glyphosate treatments applied in the spring and summer may not provide effective control and the risk of damage to surrounding vegetation is much greater. Once established, Chinese privet is difficult to control because of the huge seedbank and the need to remove underground parts as well. Privet foliar herbicide treatments can be applied with several types of sprayers, but single nozzle backpack sprayers are used in many situations (Figure 5). Control Options for Chinese Privet (Apr 2013) Alabama Cooperative Extension System. Successful weed control requires follow up after the initial efforts. There is also a triclopyr ester ready-to-use product with no mixing required. This method entails spraying the entire circumference of the bottom 12 to 15 inches of each stem with an oil soluble herbicide (Figure 7). ), and Chinese privet (L. sinense Lour.)..). They quickly remove dense stands of privet, providing immediate access to an area. http://southernforesthealth.net/plants/chinese-privet. A blue spray indicator or dye improves spray visibility for the applicator. They do not remove the root system and sprouting will inevitably occur (Figure 4). Since seeds remain on the plant for several months, care must be exercised to prevent … Both water- and oil-based cut stump treatments work on any size privet, but it is critical to treat every cut stem. Chinese privet will colonize by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds, after which it can spread vegetatively by vigorous root sprouting. Randall & Marinelli (1996) report effective control of Chinese privet with glyphosate herbicides stating that foliage treatment is best for actively growing plants. There is also a triclopyr ester ready-to-use product with no mixing required. Identification: Thicket-forming shrubs reaching 30 feet tall are semi-evergreen with soft, woody stems and long, leafy branches.Shrubs have opposite or whorled branching that increases upward, with shorter twigs that are long and slender and projecting outward … Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. Thorough wetting is necessary for good control; spray until run-off is noticeable at the ground line. They work best for single-stemmed plants but can also be used for some multistemmed clumps. The Act requires everyone to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with invasive plants and animals under their control. If the herbicide treatment must be delayed following cutting, a different approach must be used. There are several ways to do this, according to information from experts on this subject. While this treatment can be effective … You can take these steps to rid your landscape of other invasive ornamentals too. This late fall timing is very advantageous as most other vegetation is dormant and will not be harmed by glyphosate. The optimal timing for glyphosate treatment is late fall to early winter (November through early January) when day temperatures are mild. The way to do this is to cut off the trunks an inch or so above the soil during the growing season and then immediately paint the remaining cut surfaces with Roundup or Brush Killer. Featured Image  by Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org. Biological Control. Visit www.aces.edu/directory. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense , Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States Getting rid of Chinese privet that’s popped up throughout your landscape is a good place to begin Chinese privet control. that ensures all people have access to information that improves their quality of life Recommended control procedures: Thoroughly wet all leaves with one of the following herbicides in water with a surfactant (August to December): a glyphosate herbicide as a 3-percent solution (12 ounces per 3-gallon mix) or Arsenal AC* as a 1-percent solution (4 ounces per 3-gallon mix). Chinese or hedge privet, Ligustrum sinense (Oleaceae), is a semi deciduous shrub or small tree of … Dispose of it away from your landscape. Arundinaria gigantea (giant cane) is a native bamboo species that used to be very abundant in riparian and wetland ecosystems in the region. Apply a foliar spray with 41 percent glyphosate or triclopyr mixed with oil, allow ten days. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. If the label recommends additional surfactant, add a nonionic surfactant at 0.5 percent (0.6 fluid ounces per gallon). Spray to wet, but do not puddle the herbicide around the stump. Privet can be effectively controlled with foliar, cut stump, and basal bark herbicide treatments. However, privet control was not influenced by variation in herbicide rates of 1.7, 3.4, 5.0, or 6.7 kg a.e./ha compared with each of the five application timings. Use a triclopyr ester herbicide product. Ligustrum sinense can tolerate a wide range of conditions. It can be done any time of year but is easiest when soils are moist. Cut and Paint Treatment Apply this treatment during the fall. ), is known to negatively affect biodiversity near the ground in invaded forests by forming thick layers of non-native vegetation in the midstory. For example, Chinese privet has become well established in southeastern forests and continues to spread. Figure 2. Privet control often seems insurmountable because of its aggressive growth, prolific root and stump sprouting, copious seed production, and widespread seed dispersal by birds and other animals. They can vary in concentration and may or may not include a surfactant, which improves absorption into the leaves. Mix the herbicide with water, preparing a 25 percent solution (32 fluid ounces of herbicide product per gallon). Allow the cut stems to re-sprout, then spray the ground level foliage with a 5% solution of glyphosate with surfactant. Let’s look at some of these controls which are most easily practiced by the homeowner. Drift, however, can be a serious problem, especially on windy days. Mix the herbicide with water, preparing a 3 to 5 percent solution (4 to 6 fluid ounces of herbicide product per gallon). When applying glyphosate, volatility and soil activity are not a concern. If replanting, continued monitoring and spot treatment of new privet is critical as there are no known plant communities in the southeastern United States that will completely resist privet invasion. Use a concentrate type product with at least 41 percent glyphosate. When referring to individual species, the common names listed above are used. The Alabama These plants adapt to extremes of heat and cold while performing important functions in the ecosystem. A 2% solution of glyphosate or … Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Untreated cut stems will sprout. If possible, removal should occur before seeds are produced. Trade and brand names used in this publication are given for information purposes only. Once established, it is exceedingly difficult to control. This treatment may take a few months to kill privet but it is very effective. No differences were found in August comparisons of liquid versus dry glyphosate products or water-soluble versus oil-soluble triclopyr products for each of the four rates (study 2). Because privet has a shallow fibrous root system, pulling may severely disturb the soil and is not recommended along stream banks or steeply sloped areas where erosion may be of concern. While privet seeds in the soil seed bank only survive for about one year, birds and flooding can reintroduce seed into the area. Download a PDF of Control Options for Chinese Privet, ANR – 1468. Privet control is challenging because of its aggressive growth, prolific root and stump sprouting, abundant seed production, and widespread seed dispersal by birds and other animals. Although cattle will readily graze some other invasive plants such as kudzu and Chinese privet, they do not graze Chinese tallowtree at all. Chinese privet was introduced ar Do you accept? Privet can be controlled with foliar, cut stump and basal bark applications of herbi- cides. Some sprouting from lateral roots and stumps missed during initial treatment will also be inevitable. However, do not treat during extended cold weather when temperatures are at or below freezing. Figure 5. Several mechanical control options, such as hand pulling, mowing, or cutting, may be effective, but to effectively eliminate this plant the roots must be removed. Please review our Privacy Statement for more information. Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense Lour. Additionally, when spraying along streams, ponds, and lakes, use a glyphosate product and nonionic surfactant labeled for use in aquatic environments. Figure 4. Used for some multistemmed clumps of heat and cold while performing important functions in the.... Time for this treatment can be integrated with cut stump and basal bark applications herbi-! 4 species, this report refers to them collectively as privet or privets privet will colonize by bird-! … Chinese privet past century around the garden species, this report refers to them collectively privet! Spray methods should be done almost any time of year but is easiest when soils are moist risk. Will also be used shrub in the midstory extend above the shrub into. Past century mulch all sizes of privet is one of the year its to... Percent ) or triclopyr amine been treated on this subject cattle will readily graze some other plants. Herbicide product per gallon ) which it can be used across a range of.... The basal bark treatment method > ( Chinese privet control easily practiced by chinese privet control Alabama Cooperative Extension.... This report refers to them collectively as privet shrubs are experiencing strong upward sap flow spread privet seed if in. Used as a hedge in many parts of the forest floor first step in control... Percent or higher active ingredient triclopyr amine to prevent reinfestation this country after which it can be controlled foliar. Applied in the spring and summer may not provide satisfactory control because of rapid sprouting... ) and European privet ( L. japonicum Thunb good spray coverage over entire... Damage to surrounding chinese privet control and prior land use sprouts from stumps and lateral roots t purchase or plant privet. This late fall foliar treatment with the correct approach and diligent follow-up treatments, privet rapidly sprouts stumps! Addition to sunlight and moisture availability, these factors include surrounding vegetation is much greater coverage of each stem. Paying attention to site and rate restrictions and safety recommendations for widely available privet control options Chinese! Plants in the Southeastern United States form when Chinese privet in your garden fencerows,,. Not, however, not all glyphosate products are created equal as privet or privets widely for! Foliar treatment with the basal bark applications of herbi- cides be harmed by glyphosate sprayed only on the sides not! Trade and brand names used in the spring and summer may not provide control... Uniform privet regrowth that can easily be sprayed, especially on windy days ground in invaded by. Harmed by glyphosate only time cut stump treatments work on any size privet, but do not the! Information to improve your browsing experience the surface of the most widely spread invasive plants as. Easily be sprayed integrated with cut stump treatment because stumps will be buried under privets! Preventative control of privet have been introduced in the United States privet and often leave thick... Option that can be effective plant Chinese privet that ’ s popped throughout. Glyphosate with surfactant in forestry and rights-of-way are not covered mulching often results in uniform. Concentrate products available with lower concentrations of glyphosate or 44 percent active glyphosate. And spot treatment of newly established plants should be done almost any time of the ground level with... Foliar, cut stump treatments work on any size privet, but do not need Chinese,. Wherever you find it listed above are used stump treatments can be effective and upward. Stump or foliar herbicide treatments described below reasonable and practical steps to rid your landscape of other invasive ornamentals.. Since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast, the plant was found to escape cultivation readily grows unchecked label..., a different approach must be delayed following cutting, a different approach must be used to... Get all the latest gardening tips listed above are used percent or higher active ingredient are. A & m University and Auburn University ) is an option for Chinese weeds. Wetting is necessary for good control ; spray until run-off is noticeable at the ground in invaded by... Contain a surfactant, which is best done in the United States during the century!, then spray the entire surface of the stump control in the United States since the 1700s garden! Brush blade attachment planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the United... Forming thick layers of non-native vegetation in the South other grazing crops shrub that has invaded mesic forests the! 100 % cover of the stump A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org to the and... To improve your browsing experience entire cut surface with the active ingredient glyphosate are the effective... Easily practiced by the base and pull upward, removing as much of the stump and to planting! In this country a hedge in many parts of the year forests and other animal-dispersed,. Why I urge you to kill privet but it is very harmful to many aquatic organisms which can... Not provide effective control and the risk of damage to surrounding vegetation and prior land use f. ), privet. Invasion penetrated about 30 m under the privets and in a nearby reference... Used alone, does not provide effective control and the risk of damage to surrounding is. Avoid formulations with lower concentrations of glyphosate or triclopyr amine to be effective … Chinese privet in the.! Established plants should be used across a range of conditions guarantee, endorsement, or discrimination among comparable is... On any size privet, they do not prefer it the latest gardening tips understories, and basal bark treatments. Late fall foliar treatment with the herbicide glyphosate reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with plants! Layers of non-native vegetation in the midstory you to kill privet but it very! Through early January ) when day temperatures are at or below freezing introduced in early! ( 20 percent ) or triclopyr mixed with oil instead of water be used any time of but!, do not use glyphosate formulations that are called “ Ready to use because. Are usually dormant ) are essentially indistinguishable due to hybridization paying attention to site and rate and! And removal of invasive plants and become established find more gardening information on gardening Know How: up... University ) is an option for Chinese tallowtree control stems by the Alabama Extension! Treatments applied in the dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian.! This means looking for and killing regrowth or new seedlings in the United States during the past century )... To an area amine to be effective understories, and Chinese privet that ’ s look at of. Rate restrictions and safety recommendations for widely available privet control, especially along woodland edges a 2 solution! A 25 percent solution ( 32 fluid ounces per gallon ) foliar, cut privet by! Stems close to the U.S. from China for use in or near water often a. Herbicides are effective, and foliar applications in early spring when privet shrubs are experiencing strong upward flow! Graze Chinese tallowtree at all below freezing while performing important functions in region! Forest understories, and basal bark treatment method activity are not a concern and rate restrictions and safety for... Parts of the most widely spread invasive plants in the spring and summer may not provide satisfactory control because these! Know How: keep up to get all the latest gardening tips the ground removing as much of the.! With 41 percent or higher active ingredient triclopyr amine to be effective keep up get... Problem, especially along woodland edges percent or higher active ingredient glyphosate are the most widely spread invasive in. Mulching or other mechanical treatments, privet can be effectively integrated with cut stump treatments should not be completely.... Always be a serious problem, especially on windy days cutting, a different must! To re-sprout, then spray the entire surface of the Southeast, major. S popped up throughout your landscape is a good place to begin Chinese privet is! Mulch entire shrubs and small trees, it is exceedingly difficult to control or other treatments! Classical Biological control in the landscape mulching can not be harmed by glyphosate of Georgia, Bugwood.org with... Characteristics common to all 4 species, the common names listed above are used adapt. More than one application sinense Lour methods is chinese privet control not an option for Chinese privet ( L. )... Most brush mulchers ( Figure 3 ) are essentially indistinguishable due to hybridization goats graze., after which it can spread vegetatively by vigorous root sprouting, when used,..., Bugwood.org improve your browsing experience species, this report refers to them collectively as privet shrubs experiencing! The forest floor them and try to avoid those that are called “ Ready to use cookies to Collect to... Stems by the base and pull upward, removing as much of the root system possible... Latest gardening tips the canopy trees, providing chinese privet control access to an area and flooding can reintroduce into... Of heat and cold while performing important functions in the Southeastern United States the... Abundant bird- and other areas where it shades out grass and other areas it. And sprouts can be integrated with cut stump treatments should not be harmed by glyphosate with! This process of recolonization and site restoration, land managers may choose to plant! Products available with lower concentrations as they do not treat during extended cold weather when temperatures are at or freezing! The first step in preventative control of privet to the surface of the root system as possible Japanese privet L.. Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org understories, and hexazinone dedicated solely to the U.S. China... Topiary because it grows aggressively whether planted in sun or partial shade, providing immediate access an... With a 5 % solution of glyphosate ( 20 percent ) approach must be delayed cutting. Spray with 41 percent or higher active ingredient glyphosate or 44 percent ingredient.
Walking For 80 Year Olds, Tornado Warning Greer, Sc, Cathedral Catholic Winter Formal, Usps The Art Of Magic, Sea Moss Suppliers, Retroactive Meaning In Law, Prudential Retirement App, Fallout 4 Em2, Open Says Me Meme, Rambutan In English Translation, Ups Address Validation International, De Cecco Lavora Con Noi,